Emulator Issues #5405
Off-by-one error in encoded textures causes Another Code R issue (revival of issue 2137)
1) Game Name and ID?
2) What is the expected output? What do you see instead?
Currently, it's not possible to interact with objects in zoomed-in scenes (such as the house or the sign at the start). Normally, when the cursor is over an object (e.g. door) in one of those scenes, the object glows gold and can be clicked. In dolphin, the object doesn't glow and can't be clicked.
This issue doesn't seem affected by various Video/Emu options.
3) What steps will reproduce the problem?
Start game, proceed until you're near a sign or a house, click on it to have the camera zoom in, try to click on objects like the sign or the door in this zoomed-in view.
4) What causes this problem? How can it be hack-fixed?
Every frame in the zoomed-in view, the game writes an EFB texture to RAM. The texture uses format RGB565 and has plain colors for clickable areas and black for non-clickable areas.
In Dolphin, the texture contains colors such as (0xe, 0, 0xe) and the game doesn't recognize those colors.
However, if the colors were (0xf, 0, 0xf), the game would've recognized the colors and the issue would be gone.
One hack-fix for this problem is in TextureConversionShader.cpp, WriteToBitDepth: change " %s = floor(%s * %ff);\n" to " %s = round(%s * %ff);\n".
Of course, this is just a hack-fix. It doesn't show where the problem is - just what piece of code can be (most likely incorrectly) modified to fix it. Hopefully, a dev with in-depth experience with dolphin Video could help pinpoint the real issue.
#1 Updated by wordmanwords about 10 years ago
Although changing the "floor" to "round" fixes many hotspots, some hotspots (For example - the man and the shelf behind him in the guesthouse) are still not clickable.
It looks like the hotspots that were fixed have an internal color representation with the top (5th/6th/5th) bits clear. e.g. (0xe, 0, 0xe)
Meanwhile, the ones that weren't fixed have an internal color representation with the top bit set.
Changing the "round" to "ceil" fixes all hotspots encountered so far but is most likely incorrect as well.
#2 Updated by hatarumoroboshi about 10 years ago
Are you saying that this issue won't ever be fixed in a "conventional" way? If that's the case, since for the Paper-Mario games was created in game-properties a dedicated "Enable bounding box calculation" hack fix, maybe a dedicated one for Another Code R could be created as well...
#3 Updated by skidau about 10 years ago
wordmanwords, nice find. Could the problem be caused by a change in format (at the PanicAlert message)? i.e. the RGB565 has been changed to another format which results in colours of (0xf, 0x0, 0xf)?
The FPU precision is different between a PC and a Wii. Knowing this, what is the possibility of "ceil" being correct?
Please keep on working on this game, because I am not aware of any devs that own this game.
#7 Updated by wordmanwords about 10 years ago
DX11 uses its own version of the code that was patched (instead of the common one) and so wasn't fixed by the patch - whoops!
I'm attaching a patch that will fix the same code in DX11 as well. (It's more or less the same change, just changed to use the DX11 features (uint, >>) the rest of the DX11 shader code is using).
#10 Updated by wordmanwords about 10 years ago
Attached a patch with less lazy names.
No, round(x*31) doesn't have the same result - that was checked. ceil(x*31) might have the same result, but you'd need to check it for all valid values of x (0/255 ... 255/255) to confirm.
Basically, the float is a number between 0/255 and 255/255. It makes little sense to multiply this by 31 - 31 and 255 don't have any common denominators. Instead, you should multiply it by 255 and go from there.